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用英语描述人

在这篇文章中,我们介绍40多个用英语单词以及6个句型来描述人。前三个句子句型是基本句型(A1级)。另外三个则稍微高级一些(A2-B1级)。所有的词汇都是基本的(A1到A2级)。(如果你不知道A1、A2、B1和B2是什么意思,了解CEFR!)


什么是句型?

句型是我们学习说英语的一个很有用的方法。一个句型是一个空的位置,许多不同的词可以在许多不同的情况下放进去使用。例如,如果你学习了 I feel [ADJECTIVE] 的句型,你可以造出几百个不同的句子。你所需要做的就是学习一个新的形容词,放到合适的地方:我觉得饿。我觉得累。我觉得生气。我感觉不舒服。对于基础水平的学生,学习句型是学习英语的好方法!


句型1 -描述人的基本句子。

我们要看的前三个句子是简单句。形容人的最常用的方式之一是使用形容词:高、矮、胖、瘦、漂亮、英俊、丑陋。在一个句子中使用这些常用的形容词,试试这个句型:

The man is [ADJECTIVE]. 

这个人[形容词]。

The man is tall. (这个男人个子高。) The man is fat. (这个男人胖。) The man is ugly. (这个男人丑。) The man is in shape. (这个男人体型好。) 你可以把任何人放在那个位置。

重要的是要知道,The man男人这个词是可以替换的。这个女人个子高。我朋友个子高。我爸爸个子高。简个子高。她个子高。你可以把任何人放在那个位置。

 

现在让我们看看一些可以放在这个位置上用来描述人的形容词:

Adjectives to Describe People in English
英语 发音 中文
tall /tɔl/
short /ʃɔrt/
thin /θɪn/
fat /fæt/
old /oʊld/
young /jʌŋ/ 年轻
in shape /ɪn ʃeɪp/ 状态良好
out of shape /aʊt ʌv ʃeɪp/ 变形
beautiful /ˈbjutəfəl/ 漂亮
ugly /ˈʌgli/ 好丑
handsome /ˈhænsəm/ 英俊
bald /bɔld/

句型2 -描述特征的基本句子

下一个基本句型是通过某项特征来描述人的基本句型:眼镜,卷发,黑头发,蓝眼睛,胡子,马尾辫。要谈论一个人的特点,可以用以下句子:

The woman has [FEATURE].

这女人有[特点]。

用这个句子句型,你可以造出很多不同的句子:这个女人有一头卷发。这个女人戴眼镜。这个女人留着长发。这个女人扎马尾辫。

同样,你也可以改变人的位置:那男人有一头长发。我的朋友有一头长发。我妹妹有一头长发。克拉拉有一头长发。

以下是一些可以适用于这个句型的特征(名词或形容词名词):


句型3 -描述衣服的基本句子。

我们要讲的最后一个句子是通过衣服来描述人的句子。谁不喜欢衣服!?黑色的鞋子!灰色的裤子!蓝色的领带!绿色的裙子!让我们用它们来做完整的句子。这是句型:

The woman is wearing [CLOTHES].

这女人穿着[衣服]。

下面是一个可以加进这个句子的衣服列表:

所有这些衣服都可以用颜色词语来描述。The woman is wearing black shoes. (这个女人穿着黑色的鞋。) The man is wearing a yellow tie. (这个男人戴着黄色的领带。)


所以,这三个句型,加上这些词汇,让你可以造出几百个不同的句子来描述人。如果你是初学者,而且这是你学的新知识,你可以在这里暂停一下。

但是,如果你已经知道这些知识,而且你想学一些难度更高的英语句子,那就继续读下去吧!

 

订阅我们的邮寄列表,以下载一套完整的GIF记忆卡!

描述人的复杂句型

前三个句型是关于名词,特征和服装,这个顺序对吧?接下来的三个句型将会以更复杂的方式谈论这三件事情。以上章节提到的三个句型的所有词汇都可以用同样的顺序在以下三个句型使用。

在前三个句型中,每个句子主要是描述人。这些句子是关于描述人的。我想告诉你关于这个男人的是他个子高。但是有时候我们想用一句话来描述这个人的其他事情,而描述并不是句子中最重要的部分。例如,也许我想告诉你这个人是我的邻居,但我也想说他个子高。以下的句型会在这样的情况下有所帮助。


句型4 -形容词之前的名词

让我们用回这个例子。我想告诉你这个人是我的邻居,我也想把他形容成一个高个子。我可以把形容词放在名词前:那个高个子的男人是我的邻居。你也可以把上面的任何一个形容词放在那个括号处。

The [ADJECTIVE] man is my neighbor.

这个[形容词]的人是我的邻居。

The handsome man is my neighbor. (那个英俊的男人是我的邻居。The old man is my neighbor. (那位老人是我的邻居。The fat man is my neighbor. (那个胖子是我的邻居。)同样,句子的结尾(我们称之为谓语)也是一个可填充的位置,你可以在那里放进不同的动词:那个高个男人喜欢足球。那个高个子正在吃东西。那个高个男人有一辆汽车。

 

 


句型5 -特点和“with”

如果你想在同一个句子里谈论某人的特征,我们需要使用介词 “with”。我们可以说,戴眼镜的那个男人是我的邻居。任何其他特点都可以放入相同的位置:

The man with [FEATURE] is my neighbor.

有[特征]的人是我的邻居。

The man with red hair is my neighbor. (红头发的那个男人是我的邻居。 The man with a mustache is my neighbor. (留胡子的那个男人是我的邻居。)


句型6 -衣服和 “in”

当我们想谈论衣服时,我们需要另一个介词。我们用 “in”来取代“with”。穿蓝衬衫的那个男人是我的邻居。上面的任何一个服装词汇都可以放进同一位置上:

The man in [CLOTHES] is my neighbor.

那个穿着[衣服]的人是我邻居。

The man in the tie is my neighbor. (那个戴领带的男人是我的邻居。)The man in the grey pants is my neighbor. (穿灰色裤子的那个男人是我的邻居。)The woman in the red hat is my neighbor. (那个戴红帽子的女人是我的邻居。)


总结

就是这样!学习这六个句型和词汇,你现在可以造出数百个新的句子来描述人!稍后回来看看,我们会有一个小测验来测试一下你学到了什么!

订阅我们的邮寄列表,以下载一套完整的GIF记忆卡!

Rob Sheppard is the founder and Chief Executive Teacher at Ginseng. Over the past ten years, he has taught English in Taiwan, South Korea, and his hometown of Boston. Now he teaches online at Ginseng while traveling the world.

You can email Rob at rob@ginse.ng.


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Describing People in English

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Describing People in English

In this post we introduce over 40 vocabulary words for describing people in English, along with 6 sentence frames to use them in. The first three sentence frames are basic (level A1). The other three are a little more advanced (level A2-B1). All of the vocabulary is basic (levels A1 to A2). (If you don't know what A1 and A2 and B1 and B2 mean, learn about the CEFR!)

Note: Reading this article in English will be difficult for A1 and A2 students. We will soon translate this article into many different languages!


What is a Sentence Frame?

Sentence frames are a really useful way to learn how we speak English. A sentence frame is a sentence with an empty slot that many different words can go in for many different situations. For example, if you learn the sentence frame I feel [ADJECTIVE], you can make hundreds of different sentences. All you need to do is learn a new adjective that fits in that slot: I feel hungry. I feel tired. I feel angry. I feel sick. At a basic level, sentence frames are a great way to learn English!


Frame #1 - Basic Sentences for Describing People

The first three sentence frames we will look at are simple sentences. One of the most common ways to describe people is with adjectives: tall, short, fat, skinny, pretty, handsome, ugly. To use these common adjectives in a sentence, try this frame:

The man is [ADJECTIVE].

The man is tall. The man is fat. The man is ugly. The man is in shape. These are all good sentences in English. 

It is important to know that The man is another slot that you can change. The woman is tall. My friend is tall. My dad is tall. Jane is tall. She is tall. You can put any person in that slot.

Now let’s take a look at some adjectives describing people that can fit into this slot:

Adjectives to Describe People in English
Word Pronunciation Definition
tall /tɔl/ greater in height than the average person; not short
short /ʃɔrt/ lesser in height than the average person; not tall
thin /θɪn/ not having lots of extra flesh; not fat
fat /fæt/ having lots of extra flesh; not thin
old /oʊld/ having lived many years; not young
young /jʌŋ/ not having lived many years; not old
in shape /ɪn ʃeɪp/ healthy and physically strong
out of shape /aʊt ʌv ʃeɪp/ not healthy or physically strong
beautiful /ˈbjutəfəl/ attractive; good looking (mainly for females)
ugly /ˈʌgli/ not attractive; not good looking
handsome /ˈhænsəm/ attractive; good-looking (usually for males)
bald /bɔld/ not having hair on the top of the head

 Frame #2 - Basic Sentences Describing Features

The next basic sentence frame for describing people in English focuses on a specific feature: glasses, curly hair, black hair, blue eyes, a mustache, a ponytail. To talk about a person’s features, use this sentence:

The woman has [FEATURE].

With this sentence frame, you can make lots of different sentences:The woman has curly hair. The woman has glasses. The woman has long hair. The woman has a ponytail.

Again, you can change the person slot as well: The man has long hair. My friend has long hair. My sister has long hair. Clara has long hair.

Here are some features (nouns or nouns with adjectives) that can fit into this sentence frame:


Frame #3 - Basic Sentences Describing Clothes

The last sentence we will talk about for describing people focuses on clothes. Who doesn’t love clothes!? Black shoes! Gray pants! Blue ties! Green skirts! But let’s make complete sentences with them. Here is the sentence frame:

The woman is wearing [CLOTHES].

And here is a list of clothes that can go into this sentence:

All of these clothing items can be used with color words to be even more descriptive. The woman is wearing black shoes. The man is wearing a yellow tie.


So, those three sentence frames, combined with this vocabulary, allow you to make hundreds of different sentences to describe people. If you are a beginner, and this is mostly new information for you, you can stop here.

But, if you know most of this stuff, and you want to learn some more advanced English sentences, read on!

 

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Complex Sentence Frames Describing People

The first three frames talked about nouns, features, and clothes, in that order, right? The next three frames will be used to talk about the same three things, but in a more complex way. All of the same vocabulary from the sections above can be used with the next three frames, in the same order. 

In the first three sentence frames, the main idea of each sentence was describing people. The sentences were about describing people. The thing that I want to tell you about the man is that he is tall. But sometimes we want to describe people in a sentence about something else, and the description is not the most important idea in the sentence. For example, maybe I want to tell you that the man is my neighbor, but I also want to mention that he is tall. These next sentence frames will help in situations like that. 


Frame #4 - Adjectives Before Nouns

Let’s use that example. The I want to tell you that the man is my neighbor, and I also want to describe him as tall. I can put the adjective before the noun: The tall man is my neighbor. You can also put any of the other adjectives from above into that slot.

The [ADJECTIVE] man is my neighbor.

The handsome man is my neighbor. The old man is my neighbor. The fat man is my neighbor. And again, the end of the sentence (which we call the predicate) is a slot, too, and you can put different verbs in there: The tall man likes football. The tall man is eating. The tall man has a car.


Frame #5 - Features and With

If you want to talk about someone’s features in that same sentence, we need to use the preposition with. We could say The man with glasses is my neighbor. Any of the other features can go into that same slot:

The man with [FEATURE] is my neighbor.

The man with red hair is my neighbor. The man with a mustache is my neighbor.


Frame #6 - Clothing and in 

When we want to talk about clothes, we need another preposition. Instead of with, we use in. The man in the blue shirt is my neighbor. Any of the clothing vocabulary above can go into that same slot:

The man in [CLOTHES] is my neighbor.

The man in the tie is my neighbor. The man in the grey pants is my neighbor. The woman in the red hat is my neighbor.


Wrap-Up

That's it! Study these six sentence frames and the vocabulary, and you can now make hundreds of new sentences to describe people! Check back soon and we'll have a quiz to check what you have learned!

Subscribe to download complete
bundle of GIF Flashcards!

Rob Sheppard is the founder and Chief Executive Teacher at Ginseng. Over the past ten years, he has taught English in Taiwan, South Korea, and his hometown of Boston. Now he teaches online at Ginseng while traveling the world.

You can email Rob at rob@ginse.ng.


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