Give and Take

Today's Ginseng English post is a quick look at two very common verbs in English: give and take.  

The meaning is simple. I have something, and I want you to have it so I put it in your hand. I give it to you. You take it from me. 

But the grammar is a little more difficult. Look at the sentences in the picture:

In the first sentence, Juana is giving Jim some aspirin. The word give is tricky because can have two objects, a person and a thing. The objects here are Jim  and some aspirin. The thing that you give, aspirin, is called the  direct object. The person who you give it to, the one who receives the action, is called the indirect object, is Jim

We can put the indirect object just after the verb or at the end of the sentence, using to. Look at the two sentences:

Juana is giving Jim some aspirin.

Juana is giving some aspirin to Jim. 

Take is much simpler. It doesn't really have an indirect object, but you can use the preposition from to indicate the person who is giving, like this:

Jim is taking some aspirin from Juana.

Other free grammar resources: